Moderator: Senka Mutabdzija Becirovic UNDP, Thomas Mitschke GIZ
Biomass Potential Monitoring System BiH: Outcomes and reflection on the future utilization – Andre Brosowski, DBFZ
Biomass as a feedstock for industrial processes and as a renewable energy source plays a significant role within the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Around 43 % of the country is covered by forests while the same amount of land is reserved for agricultural purposes. The wood-processing industry, such as furniture and construction wood production, as well as the increasing market for production of high quality wood fuels (pellets, briquettes, and chips) were contributing roughly 3 % to the country’s GDP and 11 % to the country’s exports in 2010 with a growing tendency.
Additionally, firewood heating is a common and traditional form of heating in households in BiH, especially in rural areas. In the past decade the utilization of biomass as an efficient fuelwood for district heating systems and larger buildings has become of growing importance. This was done under the premise to increase the renewable energy share in BiH’s final energy consumption and to switch from fossil and partly imported to sustainably and locally produced fuels. On the other hand, the agriculture sector’s contribution to the GDP decreases annually with a current share of 5,6 % (2017)1. Agricultural residues like straw or animal waste still remain unused while they could significantly contribute to satisfy the biomass demand for energy purposes.
However, there is generally a lack of reliable data on biomass potentials in the country, which detains strategic decision making on policy level and hinders private investments for innovative bioenergy technologies. In order to quantify existing biomass potentials and to make this information accessible to decision makers, GIZ and UNDP jointly supported the development of the Biomass Potential Monitoring under the umbrella of the Bioenergy Coordination Body in BiH. The Monitoring System is summarized in an online atlas, available at http://atlasbm.bhas.gov.ba/.
The findings shall serve for an evidence-based decision-making with regard to the implementation of policy measures in the energy, forestry and agricultural sector and can furthermore be taken into account for investment-decisions in the private sector in general.